Is the Kingdom of God Liberal or Conservative? Old or New?

Photography © by Andy Coan

Photography © by Andy Coan

How does the Kingdom of God relate to conservative versus liberal values?  Should those seeking the pearl of great price look for it in realms that are more traditionalist and old or more progressive and new?

Reflection on the Mass readings for the Seventeenth Sunday in Ordinary Time (Year A) — First Kings 3:5, 7-12; Psalms 119:57, 72, 76-77, 127-12; Romans 8:28-30; Matthew 13:44-52 or 13:44-46.

Liberal or conservative?  Progressive or traditional? The definitions of these terms are seldom stated. Usually they are just presumed.  Often people label “conservative” those who like old-fashioned values and “liberal” those who favor the latest and most progressive trends.


But for the Christian, the ultimate question is not personal preferences of style, or whether something is old or avant garde.  It is rather whether or not it fits into the Kingdom of God.

To discern what fits with the Kingdom, we need to know what that Kingdom is all about.  First of all, we know that God is truth.  So the kingdom of God is where God’s truth reigns and his commands are observed.  As the Lord’s Prayer says, “Thy Kingdom come, thy will be done.”  To be a good “fit” with the Kingdom, things must be in accord with God’s word expressed in Scripture and Tradition and interpreted authoritatively by the Magisterium of the Catholic Church.


We also know that God’s will is for our good.  Jesus said in the Gospel of John 10:10 “I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly.” In John 15:12 Jesus says that he has come “that your joy may be full.”  The Kingdom of God then is where there is intense life, freedom and joy because a loving Father is in control.

In the early Church, there was a lot of debate about whether Christians could eat certain things, particularly meat sacrificed to pagan idols.  Paul’s response was clear: “The kingdom of God is not food and drink, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit (Romans 14:17).  If he were speaking today, he might instead say that the Kingdom is not a matter of Latin or the vernacular, novenas or prayer meetings, organ or guitar music.


The person who understands the Kingdom of God, says the Lord Jesus, “is like the head of a household who can bring from his store both the new and the old.” (Matthew 14:46).

Venerable Fulton Sheen was a great example of this.  He loved the traditional faith and piety of the Church (old), but proclaimed it by means of television (new).  Another great example was St. John Paul II.  He was devoted to the rosary (old) but enriched it with the luminous mysteries (new).  He defended the sexual morality of the church (old) but expressed that morality in a fresh and intriguing way through his “theology of the body” (new).


There are some old things that just can’t fit into the kingdom.  Polygamy.  Gladiators. Emperor worship.

There are also some “new” things that can’t fit into the kingdom either.  Elective abortion.  Artificial contraception.  Gender ideology.

The Kingdom is the pearl of great price.  If we recognize the value of it, it makes sense to “sell” such things in order to purchase it.



But there are also many things both old and new that are not incompatible with the kingdom at all and actually can be wonderful expressions of it in certain times and places: Gregorian chant, the Papal tiara, the Extraordinary Form Latin liturgy on the old side, exuberant Life Teen Masses and charismatic prayer meetings on the new.

If devotion to these expressions, based on personal preference, causes strife and tension, there is something wrong.  We must learn to distinguish between the Pearl of great price and its setting.  The Pearl always come in some setting. But if we love a particular setting so much that in clutching it we let go of the pearl, it doesn’t matter if we are liberal or conservative, progressive or traditionalist—we’re being just plain foolish.

Together with Solomon, let us pray for the wisdom needed in every situation to correctly identify the Kingdom of God and hold fast to it.

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About the Author

Dr. Marcellino D'Ambrosio

Dr. Marcellino D’Ambrosio writes from Texas. For his resources on parenting and family life or information on his pilgrimages to Rome and the Holy Land, visit or call 1.800.803.0118.

From a colorful and varied background as a professor of theology, a father of five, business owner, and professional performer Marcellino D’Ambrosio (aka “Dr. Italy”) crafts talks, blog posts, books, and videos that are always fascinating, practical, and easy to understand. He is a TV and radio personality, New York Times best-selling author, speaker, and pilgrimage host who has been leading people on a journey of discovery for over thirty years. For complete bio and video, visit the Dr. Italy page.

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