For the Love of Lazarus

Photography © by Andy Coan

Reflection on the Mass readings for the Fifth Sunday of Lent (Year A) — Ezekiel 37:12-14; Psalms 130:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8; Romans 8:8-11; John 11:1-45 or 11:3-7, 17, 20-2.

The gospel story of the raising of Lazarus found in John 11 shows us why Jesus can love some friends and disciples more than others, why death is not natural and beautiful, the difference between resurrection and resuscitation, and the deeper meaning of Jesus’ miracles or “signs” as they are called in the fourth gospel.

Some find it hard to accept that God would love some people more than others. That wouldn’t be fair, they say.

But God became man.  If he did not love some more than others, Jesus wouldn’t be fully human.  For human beings have family and friends.  While we can do good and even risk our lives for a stranger, we have special bonds of intimacy and affection with a rather small circle.  Out of twelve, Jesus had one especially beloved.  In the Gospel of this beloved disciple, we learn that Jesus had one family who was particularly beloved in this way.  The family was that of Mary, Martha, and their brother Lazarus.

So it was a surprise to all that Jesus did not come immediately when he heard that Lazarus was ill.  Of course he was a busy man.  But Jesus had dropped everything many times before to heal strangers. This, on the other hand, was one of his dearest friends.  Not to worry, he explained to his disciples.  This sickness would not end in death.

Imagine their surprise when he tells them a few days later that Lazarus is dead and that it’s time to visit his grave. Jesus knew what he was going to do.  Yet when he was met by a distraught Mary and her weeping companions, he did not rebuke them for crying.  He did not say they should wear white and rejoice that their brother had finally gone home to heaven.  No, he wept with them.

Some people accept death as a natural part of human life.  Others think death to be merely a portal to eternity.  Jesus saw death as an enemy.  His Father had never intended for us to experience it.  In fact, he forbade Adam and Eve only one thing—a fruit that would make them subject to it.  Death came into the world through the envy of the devil, not through the plan of God.  Death wrenches soul from body.  It rips loved ones from the embrace of their families. So in the presence of those wounded by death’s sting, Jesus weeps.

Jesus’ miracles in the gospels always spring from his compassion for the suffering.  But he always has more in mind than helping just the victim lying before him.  His miraculous works in John’s gospel are called signs because they point beyond themselves to something even greater he will do to gain a greater benefit for all.

This is why Jesus allowed Lazarus to die in the first place.  Because when he called him forth from the tomb, Jesus was making clear why he had come.  His teaching was of course sublime.  And his cures were life-changing.  But wise and healthy people still face the horror of death.  If Jesus were really the savior, he had to save us from the grave.  And the salvation would have to be a permanent one.  Lazarus’ resuscitation was only a stay of execution.  A few years later, the mourners would have to assemble around his bedside once again.

So, in the presence of the great crowd assembled for the funeral, Jesus called Lazarus out of the tomb.  This demonstration of Jesus’ power over death was a sign of his own coming resurrection, and of Lazarus’s and ours as well.

This is the last recorded miracle or “sign” in John’s gospel.  Jesus knew it would be.  You and I might expect that the news of this miracle, brought back toJerusalem by numerous eye-witnesses, would lead to the acceptance of Jesus as Lord and Messiah.  But the Lord knew it would have the exact opposite effect.  It demonstrated to his enemies just how great a threat he was.  They had to act fast to stop this sort of thing from getting out of hand.

But that was all part of his plan.  For he was in total control.  He planned to lay his life down willingly, to experience the horrible torture of crucifixion, the bitter wrenching of body from soul and friend from friend.  He was willing to do this because by means of it, he knew he would accomplish more for us than he had for Lazarus—a victory over death that would last forever

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About the Author

Dr. Marcellino D'Ambrosio

Dr. Marcellino D’Ambrosio writes from Texas. For his resources on parenting and family life or information on his pilgrimages to Rome and the Holy Land, visit or call 1.800.803.0118.

Raised in Italian/Irish neighborhood in Providence, RI, Marcellino D’Ambrosio never thought about being anything else but Catholic. But like other Catholic teens, his faith was the last place he looked for fulfillment. Following in the footsteps of his parents, both professional performers in their single years, Marcellino set his sights on stardom, playing bass guitar in several popular rock bands by the time he was 16. At that time he encountered a group of Catholics whose Christian life was an exciting adventure, an adventure worth living for. So he laid his bass guitar aside and embarked on a road that led to a Ph.D. in historical theology from the Catholic University of America. His doctoral dissertation, written under the direction of the renowned Jesuit theologian, Avery Cardinal Dulles, focused on one of the theological lights of the Second Vatican Council, Henri Cardinal de Lubac, and his recovery of biblical interpretation of the early Church fathers.

His writing has been published in the international journal Communio, Abingdon’s Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation, the Tablet, Catholic Digest, Our Sunday Visitor, and Catholic News Service’s syndicated column "Faith Alive." His popular book, Exploring the Catholic Church and video course by the same name (known as Touching Jesus through the Church in the USA) have been used in hundreds of parishes all throughout the English speaking world. The Guide to the Passion: 100 Questions about the Passion of the Christ, of which he is co-author and co-editor, may prove to be the fastest-selling Catholic book of all time with over a million copies sold in less than three months.

Dr. D’Ambrosio, the father of five and a business owner, brings to his teaching a practical, down-to-earth perspective that makes his words easy to understand and put into practice. Audio and video recordings of his popular teaching are internationally distributed. He often appears on the international Eternal Word Television Network is regularly heard on the nationally syndicated radio show "Catholic Answers Live." Dr. D'Ambrosio has been a guest on Geraldo Rivera, At Large on FoxNews Channel, the Bill O'Reilly radio show and Radio America's news program Dateline: Washington.

In 2001 Dr. D’Ambrosio left his position at the University of Dallas to develop the work of Crossroads Productions, the apostolate of Catholic renewal and evangelization that he co-founded twenty years ago, and to more directly oversee the growth of Wellness Opportunities Group a company dedicated to helping people improve the quality of their lives physically, mentally, and financially. He, his wife Susan, and their five children, reside just outside of San Antonio, TX.

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